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【口說】托福口說怎麼清楚易懂?Cut to the chase

本篇口說文章,希望能讓讀者認知的是講話精簡有力的重要性。針對托福 Task 1,最需要動腦想點、練習流暢度的獨立題型,跟大家做分析。


首先,必須先澄清的是,講話有重點有邏輯,簡短又清楚,是非常需要練習的。或許你平常連講中文都是繞一大圈才講到重點,更何況是轉到不熟悉的英語情境下。


因此,這個技巧務必以持續的經驗累積作為基礎,把實力提升起來。當然講成好的答案包含其他的因素(發音、詞彙量、想點),今天先探討內容精簡的部分。



“Cut to the chase”


How to stop rambling?

Get to the point.

Skip the unnecessary context and tell me your objective.


答案揭曉:就是先講你的原因。


聽起來很簡單,但其實很多同學往往第一句就開始鋪陳很多不是重點的資訊,就會讓聽者找不到你講話的重點。


  1. 講你的原因

  2. 再講細節

  3. 重申一遍 - 統整、換句話說


我們利用範例來跟大家解釋:

Example

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

The best way to learn about the culture of a country is to watch its TV programs.


Original
  • 筆記:

口說 托福口說怎麼清楚易懂?

A lot of shows.

Ex, Japan —> anime —> culture.


  • 論點:

The television has a lot of programs to choose from and it is a great way to learn.


I personally learned a lot about Japan. The anime I watch are so much fun and I really enjoy it. The language they use are also in Japanese, so it helps me learn about their culture.

I have also found out that Japanese people are very polite, it is part of the values they have in their country.


I learned about the culture from these programs.



Corrected sample answer
  • 筆記:

Content —> diversity

Ex, Japanese anime —> clubs.


  • 論點:

You can learn about the culture of a society through television context, especially since they provide a lot of diverse content.


For example, I learned a lot about the typical high school life of a Japanese student through its anime. I did not know that they put such emphasis on their after school clubs!


Through the stories and plot lines of these anime, I gained info on Japan’s culture of which it is based on.


範例解析

這邊改過的範例整體邏輯環環相扣。


先講看電視「可以」從不同的題材學到多樣化。而不是看電視「有」很多不同的節目可以學習。


接下來舉例,每個細節都是最精簡的內容。不用特別提到你很喜歡看動漫,而是點出動漫如何讓你更了解一個國家的文化。


最後小結,務必換句話說,把論點做統整。因為15秒準備時間筆記不會太多,所以切忌一直講一樣的字— learn —>gained info, programs —> stories/ plot lines.



若是想要更多想點的範例,我們Pin TOEFL 有陸續整理出近期考試的機經+解析,針對獨立題型,做出主題句的資料庫。若是參加我們口說實戰演練,回饋有提到內容必須更精簡的同學,相信報名線上機經班會對你很有用!


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